Built on a high spur of the Lattari Mountains overlooking the sea of the Amalfi coast, Rebellum, nowadays Ravello, was already flourishing in the Late Antiquity. In fact most likely its magnificent medieval palaces were developed starting from Roman structures, as for the case of itsfamous Villas, Rufolo and Cimbrone. Both are connected to the historical events occured in the last thousand year of the history of one of the most extraordinary town of Salerno Province: the Maritime Republic of Amalfi. By choice or in order to rbpel against Amalfi's yoke, some families belonging to the local nobility moved to Ravello for its favourable natural position, hanging between the sky and the sea, where to control the access road to teh Sarno valley from one side and Amalfi on the other, through the valleys of the brook Reginna and Dragone. At that time a very important role was played by the construction of the Cathedral in 1087, in the main square of Vescovado, by Nicolò Rufolo, whisch was consecrated by the first Bishop, Orso Papice. Ravello reached the peak if its success in the 12th and 13th centuries. Ravello's gradual economical and political downfall was marked by the Norman domination until, during the 17th century, it had no power at all. nevertheless, at the end of the 18th century, Ravello gained again popularity and fame as destination of the Grand Tour noble and educated travellers who appreciated vey much the pleasantness of its places as well as the remains of the Classical Antiquity. Famous figures, artists, musicians and writers, used to stay in Ravello enjoying its views and its wholesome environment.